Transient neuromyopathy after bromide intoxication in a dog with idiopathic epilepsy
1 Department of Small Animal Medicine and Surgery, University of Veterinary Medicine Hannover, Bünteweg 9, Hannover, 30559, Germany
2 Institute of Neuropathology, University of Düsseldorf, Moorenstrasse 5, Duesseldorf, 40225, Germany
Irish Veterinary Journal 2012, 65:19 doi:10.1186/2046-0481-65-19Published: 5 December 2012
A seven-year old Australian Shepherd, suffering from idiopathic epilepsy under treatment with phenobarbitone and potassium bromide, was presented with generalised lower motor neuron signs. Electrophysiology and muscle-nerve biopsies revealed a neuromyopathy.
The serum bromide concentration was increased more than two-fold above the upper reference value.
Clinical signs disappeared after applying diuretics and reducing the potassium bromide dose rate. This is the first case report describing electrophysiological and histopathological findings associated with bromide induced lower motor neuron dysfunction in a dog.