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Open Access Short Report

Amino acid substitutions in gyrA and parC associated with quinolone resistance in nalidixic acid-resistant Salmonella isolates

Dong Hwa Bae, Ho Jeong Baek, So Jeong Jeong and Young Ju Lee*

Author Affiliations

College of Veterinary Medicine, Kyungpook National University, Daegu 702-701, Republic of Korea

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Irish Veterinary Journal 2013, 66:23  doi:10.1186/2046-0481-66-23

Published: 15 November 2013

Abstract

This study was undertaken to identify and characterize amino acid substitutions in gyrA and parC related with quinolone resistance of 27 nalidixic acid-resistant (NaR) Salmonella isolates collected in poultry slaughterhouses in Korea. A total of 51 Salmonella isolates were detected from 44.8% (47/105) of the total samples from 15 poultry slaughterhouses examined, among which 27 (52.9%) NaR isolates were detected while ciprofloxacin (Cip) resistance was not present in the isolates. These 27 NaR isolates of DNA sequencing revealed that it contained three types of gyrA mutations in only D87 codon. Mutations in the D87 codon resulted in substitutions to G in most of the isolates, but D87Y and D87N exchanges were also detected. Although Cip resistance was absent, reduced susceptibility characterized by mutations in gyrA was apparent among Salmonella isolates from poultry slaughterhouses in Korea.

Keywords:
gyrA; Nalidixic acid resistance; Salmonella